Areas in Civil Engineering
Building science is the study of building materials, components, details, and construction methods with respect to the maintenance of the required temperature and moisture conditions of the interior of buildings. Building science involves the understanding and application of fundamental concepts in physics, chemistry, and other branches of science to the problem of engineering effective, efficient, and economical building envelopes.
Construction accounts for a significant fraction of the Canadian GNP. However, very little industry-driven research is being undertaken relative to other industries. The opportunities for learning and growing in this industry are enormous. Students undertaking courses or research in the field of construction management investigate, research, model and develop methods for improving engineering and management processes in the construction industry. Topics include – but are not limited to infrastructure management, performance diagnostics, intelligent systems and computer applications. In addition, the investigation of attitudes toward site safety and pre-qualification of contractors is considered.
Environmental engineering is the branch of engineering that is concerned with protecting people from the effects of adverse environmental effects, such as pollution, as well as improving environmental quality. Environmental engineers work to improve recycling, waste disposal, public health, and water and air pollution control.
Mining & Geomechanics
Still locked within the Earth’s crust are the keys to addressing some of society’s most pressing issues: sustainable growth in the face of diminishing nonrenewable natural resources, climate change, alternate energy sources, minimizing waste generation and mitigating waste impacts, stewardship and preservation of agricultural land, and even looking at exploration of other planets.
Structural engineering — a specialty within the field of civil engineering — focuses on the framework of structures, and on designing those structures to withstand the stresses and pressures of their environment and remain safe, stable and secure throughout their use. In other words, structural engineers make sure that buildings don't fall down and bridges don't collapse.
Transportation Engineering & Planning
Transportation engineering is the application of technology and scientific principles to the planning, functional design, operation and management of facilities for any mode of transportation in order to provide for the safe, efficient, rapid, comfortable, convenient, economical, and environmentally compatible movement of people and goods.