Posts Tagged: Olugbenga Olubanjo

A cut above: U of T startup Fyyne makes hair services more accessible

CivMin alumnus teams up to found app solving hair services difficulties.

Users can scroll through Fyyne’s app for the latest hair trends, find an artist who will best suit their needs and book an appointment with just a few clicks. (Image: Fyyne)

Jeffrey Fasegha and Olugbenga Olubanjo (CivE MASc 1T9) once shared a similar time-consuming frustration: finding the right barber.

Olubanjo says the idea of helping and giving back has always been central to his entrepreneurial outlook (photo by Rahul Kalvapalle)

Olugbenga Olubanjo  (photo by Rahul Kalvapalle)

The two University of Toronto alumni recall separately asking their respective friends about their experiences finding adequate hair services. They soon learned many faced the same difficulties and began thinking about ways to help.

“I think there is a gap between customers finding beauty artists and artists being able to communicate with new potential customers,” says Fasegha, who graduated from the Faculty of Arts & Science in 2020 with a degree from Rotman Commerce.

After initially working on their own solutions, Fasegha and Olubanjo later decided to join forces to launch Fyyne, a startup that prioritizes Black-owned businesses and seeks to eliminate the difficulty in finding suitable hair services.

The mobile-first social marketplace for beauty services helps hair artists start and scale their business, connecting them with customers. From barbers, braiders or anyone offering beauty services, professionals can register to Fyyne’s pro platform, which allows them to automate a booking process, track analytics like engagement with their profile, income and top services.

Meanwhile, customers can scroll through the app for the latest hair trends, find an artist who will best suit their needs and book an appointment in just a few clicks. They can also review an artist’s verifications, write and read reviews, as well as filter searches by price, distance or rating.

“We want to sit in the middle and find artists for customers and customers for artists,” says Fasegha.

Fyyne officially launched in Canada, the U.S. and U.K. in mid-February with more than 500 users registered so far. The startup is supported by an undisclosed amount of pre-seed funding from Canada’s BKR Capital (formerly Black Innovation Capital), the first Canadian venture capital fund dedicated to supporting Black entrepreneurs in the technology industry.

Olubanjo notes that even in a large, diverse city like Toronto, it can be difficult to find time with popular Black hair stylists, which leaves customers searching elsewhere without much to go on.

“I’ve had to drive hours for a cut, but I had no idea what their work was like because they had no platform to list their reviews,” he says. “I would then wait hours, and I thought, ‘There has to be a better way to discover artists.’”

Fyyne’s arrival on the scene couldn’t come at a better time for the beleaguered Canadian beauty industry. Hairdressers and other beauty services were forced to close their doors for long stretches during the pandemic, with Statistics Canada estimating that hairstylists were more than three times more likely to have lost their jobs in 2020 than other occupations.

By providing them with the tools to be discovered, as well as to sustain and grow their clientele, Fyyne’s co-founders say they’re essentially providing business owners with an inexpensive platform to market themselves as COVID-19 restrictions are relaxed in many provinces.

“We’re amplifying talented artists who would have otherwise remained undiscovered,” Olubanjo says. “When you move to a new town as an artist, for example, you have to rebuild your customer base because you have to establish your credibility. Fyyne is solving that problem.”

Fasegha and Olubanjo say they received considerable support through U of T’s entrepreneurship community and accelerators.

Both are members of the recently launched Black Founders Network (BFN), which boasts more than 100 Black founders as members. Launched by U of T Scarborough alumnus Efosa Obano, BFN was created to support Black entrepreneurs at any stage of their career through access to resources and inspiration to launch their startups.

“Having community support, especially in the early stages of starting your business, is important and this is what the BFN is trying to do as well, to scale up these interactions and support Black entrepreneurs,” Fasegha says.

Another key source of support for Fyyne was U of T Mississauga’s ICUBE incubator, which employs a values-based approach to supporting and training entrepreneurs and served as a place for Fasegha and Olubanjo to test their ideas.

Both Fasegha and Olubanjo are no strangers to the business world.

Fasegha, who was named a Rhodes Scholar two years ago, started his first business at the age of 11, delivering flyers and franchising other paper routes, and later refurbished and sold yard and sports equipment. He is the founder of the Black Career Conference (BCC), which connects Black students, graduates, and entrepreneurs to industry professionals for an opportunity to connect with employers in various fields. He also co-founded Black Rotman Commerce (BRC), a student group whose mission is to support Black undergrads interested in business at the social, academic and professional levels.

Olubanjo, meanwhile, is the founder of Reeddi Inc., a clean energy startup company that brings affordable power to energy-poor communities. Rented for $0.50 a day, Reeddi’s rechargeable and portable batteries are powered by solar energy and used by more than 600 households monthly in Nigeria. Thanks to Reeddi, Olubanjo was one of 15 finalists of Prince William’s inaugural Earthshot Prize in 2021.

Whether working on Reeddi or Fyyne, the mission is the same for Olubanjo – he wants to lead the way to an equitable and inclusive future.

“I think it’s the only way I can make a creative future that I want for myself, and it’s the only way I can make positive change for people that I care about,” he says.

By Fahad Pinto


This story originally published by Engineering News

CivMin alumnus is finalist for £1-million Earthshot Prize

First-ever Earthshot Prize winners to be announced Sunday, October 17

Olugbenga Olubanjo (CivE MASc 1T9), Founder and CEO of Reeddi Inc with a Reeddi Energy Capusule. (Ian Willms / Panos Pictures)

Reeddi Inc, headed by CivMin alumnus Olugbenga Olubanjo (CivE MASc 1T9), has been named one of 15 finalists of the inaugural Earthshot Prize. The announcement, made Friday, September 17, 2021 by Prince William via video, acknowledges the company as one of only three finalists in the “Fix Our Climate” category. Five winners will be awarded The Earthshot Prize and with it a £1-million prize to be announced during an awards ceremony Sunday, October 17, 2021 from London’s Alexandra Palace.

According to the online announcement, each finalist was thoroughly vetted for the prestigious prize: “Each of the Finalist’s solutions excelled in the rigorous screening process and were assessed on their potential to create game-changing impact around the world, their ability to help us reach our Earthshot goals while also positively impacting people, communities and the natural world.

“The Earth is at a tipping point and we face a stark choice: either we continue as we are and irreparably damage our planet, or we remember our unique power as human beings and our continual ability to lead, innovate and problem-solve. People can achieve great things. The next ten years present us with one of our greatest tests – a decade of action to repair the Earth.”
Prince William

The clean-tech startup created something unique to assist those in areas of the world with vulnerable and unreliable energy infrastructure. Reeddi Capsules are portable and rechargeable batteries powered by solar charging stations. Its solar-powered device, a lithium battery, can be rented for $0.50 a day, allowing affordable and dependable energy for those otherwise unable to obtain the service.

According to the company, over 600 households and businesses receive clean electricity via its product monthly. It has a goal of serving 12,000 new households and businesses monthly by the end of 2021.

In advance of the live announcement we asked Olubanjo a few questions.


Reeddi, the company you conceived and founded while completing your MASc in civil engineering at U of T, is a finalist for the first-ever Earthshot Prize. How did you hear of the decision and what was your immediate reaction?
We were very excited about the nomination. It’s a reward for years of hard work that our team here at Reeddi has put into unlocking a model that seems impossible in a challenging business environment. We are very happy to see how far we have come as company in order to be recognized for such a prestigious award. We’re even more pumped to leverage the support from the award to scale our innovation and accelerate it’s impact in more energy-poor communities and regions.


Over the last two years the company has grown from one with a concept and prototype, to a working product being distributed and used by people. How has this impacted how your company is received now, versus before?
The progress has brought good credibility for the company. People, who had originally questioned our model, are starting to see something there. We have also learned quite a lot, operationally speaking, about what to do, and not do, as far as operation and innovation is concerned. It’s a challenging journey with a lot of highs and low, but we are excited about being able to walk through the early prototype period to where we are today. We have built a solid reputation now and people take us more seriously because of some of the visible results of our innovation and progress. We are still just starting to establish ourselves and have a long way to go.


You’ve taken on a staff and had to manage teams of people. It’s much more than a few colleagues at university with a concept. How have your managed the transition to a manager of not only a product, but of many people, and all the bureaucracy along with it?
Yeah – It’s been a lot of learning. I guess that is one of the things I love most about Innovation and Technology. As the company scales, the founders and founding team have to increase their combined knowledge and managerial capacity to sustain the venture growth. There have been a lot of reading, seminars, trial-by-error learning, and mentorship from experienced advisors. Our focus is to build a solid operational system that will effectively scale our product and facilitate allied business opportunities. It’s not been an easy journey. I think the beauty of growth is that it’s fulfilling. You know you are not who you used to be and you are better than who you are last month in knowledge and capacity. Also, we are lucky to have smart, motivated and dynamic team members who work tirelessly and are very passionate about  scaling  and accelerating the impact of our innovation.


Reeddi is operating on two continents with very different time zones. How are you coping with this hurdle?
I guess my internal system has normalized that – it has always been the case when we started the company while I was a student at U of T. So, I guess it’s pretty normal now. The operational systems we have in place makes things run smoothly as a company.


What do you hope to do with the £1-million prize if Reeddi wins an Earthshot Prize?
The funding will be leveraged to build and optimize our hardware & digital infrastructures required to scale our innovation and accelerate its impact to more communities and regions.


Is there any part of your education at U of T Engineering that has prepared you for your current role?
Yes, a lot. From clear communication to research. I left UofT equipped with essential and excellent skills needed to run the firm. We do a lot of communication, analysis, forecasting and research at Reeddi, which are skills I picked up at U of T.


What advice would you have for students considering an entrepreneurial pursuit at U of T?
Just do it!  If you are interested in anything, then chase it. In the failure comes the victory. When we started Reeddi as an idea, we had people tell us it’s a joke. But we believe ourselves and pressed on. These same folks celebrate us today. So, damn the uncertainties and just go for it. The beauty of entrepreneurship is even if you fail, and things don’t work at the time, you are equipped with some practical skills that cannot be learned by just reading. It scales the way you think by default and changes the way you approach anything and everything.


What’s next?
For us at Reeddi, we are working on a couple of allied innovations that will leverage some of the exciting infrastructure we have built to scale Reeddi. We are aware this is a long-term play and are seeing a couple of allied innovations and opportunities we are positioning ourselves to capture. We plan to scale our innovation globally and we are very excited about the numerous opportunities that lies ahead.

Tune in to the inaugural Earthshot Prize Ceremony in London on Sunday, October 17 at 8 p.m. local time (3 p.m. ET) on BBC One in the UK and available to stream globally on Discovery’s Facebook. It will also available to stream on discovery+ from 19 October

The awards ceremony will celebrate the global Finalists before awarding the first five Winners of The Earthshot Prize.


By Phill Snel



Reeddi named a finalist by Prince William for Earthshot Prize

REEDDI: Putting power in the hands of the people


Reeddi powers up: CivMin alum’s startup brings portable, renewable electricity to rural areas

A Reeddi power capsule, shown at right, provides affordable and sustainable electricity for short-term needs. A startup created by Olugbenga Olubanjo (CivE MASc 1T9) is piloting the technology in Nigeria. (Photo: Leke Alabi Isama /GGImages /Proof Africa)

Only two years after its creation, U of T Engineering startup Reeddi, Inc. (pronounced “ready”) is well on its way to fulfilling its mission to bring sustainable, affordable electricity to places where reliable power is hard to come by.

“Right now, our technology serves a combined 600 households and businesses monthly in Nigeria,” says Olugbenga Olubanjo (CivE MASc 1T9), founder and CEO of Reeddi. “We have plans to increase that number.”

In 2017, Olubanjo’s first year at U of T, he would make phone calls to family and friends in Nigeria, where he grew up. Often, these calls would be disrupted by power outages that are all too common in that part of the world.

Those who can afford them buy diesel generators, but these units and the fuel needed to run them are costly, and they produce harmful emissions, including greenhouse gases.

Olubanjo knew that the cost of solar power had plummeted in recent years, and he wanted to make this technology more accessible to rural Nigerians. The solution he hit upon was a solar-powered “electricity bank” where portable power packs could be rented on a short term basis.

In its current iteration, a Reeddi bank contains 20 capsules, each of which holds about 250 Watt-hours of energy, enough to charge three mobile phones or power a laptop for four hours. Capsules are rented for 24 hours, after which they can be returned to the bank to recharge in the sun.

Olubanjo developed the company with support from U of T’s entrepreneurship ecosystem, including The Entrepreneurship Hatchery at U of T Engineering. He quickly started attracting attention: in 2019 alone, Reeddi won awards at the Cisco Global Problem Challenge, the MIT Clean Energy Prize competition, and the IEEE Empower a Billion Lives competition.

The past year has brought even more accolades. Last summer, Olubanjo and his team placed in the top three at ISHOW USA, a competition organized by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. The win netted them a $10,000 seed grant, as well as the $1,000 “fan favourite” prize.

“We benefitted from fantastic insights from the ASME judges,” says Olubanjo. “We are equally excited to explore the potential networking and advisory opportunities that come with the prize to scale our venture for global impact.”

Olubanjo and his team have enrolled in Third Derivative, a technology accelerator focused on clean energy. The team also received a $25,000 award from the Nigeria Off-grid energy challenge and are currently among the finalists at the Royal Academy of Engineering African Prize. They have presented their innovation to a World Energy Council Panel group and at the Africa Indaba Energy Conference.

“Our current efforts are directed at upscaling local operations and manufacturing more Reeddi capsules for our customers in Nigeria,” says Olubanjo. “The future is bright.”

By Tyler Irving

This story originally published by Engineering News

CivMin entrepreneur creates his own job post-graduation: Delivering clean, affordable energy to Nigeria

Olugbenga Olubanjo (back row, second from left) poses for a photo with members of the Reeddi team, local community members and his startup's power-providing capsules during an August pilot project in Ayegun, Nigeria (photo courtesy of Olugbenga Olubanjo)

Olugbenga Olubanjo (back row, second from left) poses for a photo with members of the Reeddi team, local community members and his startup’s power-providing capsules during an August pilot project in Ayegun, Nigeria (photo courtesy of Olugbenga Olubanjo)

For Olugbenga Olubanjo (CivE MASc candidate), the lightbulb moment leading to clean energy startup Reeddi came when the lights went out.

The graduate student at the University of Toronto was often frustrated speaking to family and friends in his native Nigeria over the phone only to have the calls cut short by power outages back home. So he decided to do something about it.

Barely two years later, Olubanjo is set to graduate with a master’s degree in applied science and a job that he created: CEO of Reeddi, the startup he founded and incubated at U of T to bring clean and affordable electricity to energy-starved communities in Nigeria and beyond.

“Energy shortages affect a lot of people I know, love and care about,” he says.

Reeddi provides portable energy via compact capsules that are charged at solar-powered stations located in communities. Customers rent the capsules at an affordable price and are incentivized to return them on time by earning credits that can go toward future rentals.

By making clean energy more accessible, Reeddi aims to reduce reliance on diesel generators that emit copious amounts of greenhouse gases.

The concept went through several iterations before arriving at a promising formula.

Initially, Olubanjo envisioned using umbrellas fitted with solar panels to help people charge mobile phones and other devices. The project, then called Veco, placed second in the U of T chapter of the Hult Prize for social entrepreneurship.

“That gave me a lot of confidence as I realized that the North American business space wasn’t as different from the Nigerian business space as I thought,” Olubanjo says.

The project took a slightly different direction after Olubanjo and his partners approached the Entrepreneurship Hatchery in September 2018. Based in the Faculty of Applied Science & Engineering, the Hatchery is one of several entrepreneurship hubs located on campus.

“We got a lot of feedback from the judges and directors at the Hatchery, and the questions they asked changed the way I saw our business model,” he says.

“We started doing more research and eventually developed the model for the capsules. So the idea really kicked off in the Hatchery.”

Olubanjo says the idea of helping and giving back has always been central to his entrepreneurial outlook (photo by Rahul Kalvapalle)

Olubanjo says the idea of helping and giving back has always been central to his entrepreneurial outlook (photo by Rahul Kalvapalle)

Olubanjo says Reeddi benefited immensely from the insights of mentor and adviser Yu-Ling Cheng, a professor in the department of chemical engineering and applied chemistry.

Professor Jonathan Rose, of the Edward S. Rogers Sr. department of electrical and computer engineering, also played a key role, Olubanjo says.

“He introduced us to people and exposed us to a valuable network that we’re still benefiting from today.”

Olubanjo adds that the material support provided by the Hatchery was crucial.

“We used the Hatchery’s 3D printer a lot. We were printing models every week, tweaking them and printing more,” he said. “Imagine if we had to pay for all that 3D printing. Wow, it would’ve cost a lot of money.”

Within three months of approaching the Hatchery, Reeddi had its first working prototype.

In August, the company ran a successful micro-scale pilot project in Nigeria with five prototypes to validate its business model and technology.

The positive reception to the pilot left Olubanjo more determined than ever to develop the Reeddi concept.

“People were so excited. There were smiles on their faces and they kept asking us when we would be coming back,” he says. “I thought to myself, ‘I owe it to them.’ I’ve gotten a lot of help in life and the least I can do is give back in my own way.”

Olubanjo says the idea of helping and giving back has always been central to his entrepreneurial outlook.

“At the end of the day, it’s not only about making money. Anyone can make money, but it’s about the happiness that you give people,” he says. “Just knowing that my innovation could have a positive impact on people’s lives – oh my God, there’s no feeling like that in life.”

It’s an impact that could be felt well beyond Nigeria one day, with Olubanjo saying Reeddi has attracted interest from organizations and communities in countries like South Africa, Indonesia, India and the United States.

“Anywhere where there’s an energy or electricity issue is where we come into play. We want to be in as many countries as possible,” Olubanjo says.

Reeddi is currently looking to build on its promising start in Nigeria by running a more substantial, three-month pilot project to validate its supply chain model and better understand its customer base. It’s also holding talks with investors in Nigeria.

In addition, the company is launching a new project called Reeddi Crate to manage the distribution of the capsules and is working on refining its software.

Reeddi counts among its team two other members of the U of T community: Osarieme Osakue, who is pursuing a master’s degree in the Department of Civil and Mineral Engineering; and Joshua Dzakah, who recently graduated with a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering.

“I’ve gotten a lot of help from the U of T community – from Rotman, Massey College, the Hatchery – it’s been amazing,” Olubanjo says.

Now well on his way, Olubanjo has a few words of advice for other aspiring U of T student entrepreneurs.

“Be courageous, be fearless,” he says. “When I started, there were many distractions and people being negative and discouraging. But I thought to myself, ‘You know what, I know what I’m going to do and I have to just do it.’

“I think being fearless is very important when it comes to entrepreneurship.”


By Rahul Kalvapalle

This article originally published by U of T News

REEDDI: Putting power in the hands of the people

Photo of Olugbenga Olubanjo holding two Reeddi Capsules, with quote "The impact it can bring really drives me."

Olugbenga Olubanjo holding two Reeddi Capsules. Photo: Phill Snel, Civil and Mineral Engineering/ U of T


A hearty “Yah!” accompanied by a fist-pump of victory, is what Olugbenga Olubanjo (CivE MASc Candidate) remembers best about Victoria Day.

While the rest of the country was enjoying an extra day off as part of the holiday long weekend, Olubanjo heard of his startup’s latest prize – an award of US$10,000 as a runner-up in the Cisco Global Problem Solver Challenge. This is the third award the startup has received in 2019, as well as a provisional patent.

Olubanjo and his team at Reeddi Inc (pronounced “ready”) want to bring clean, affordable and portable power to the people of Nigeria, giving them autonomy over their otherwise expensive and unpredictable energy grid.

Many new inventions are conceived in the pursuit of solving a problem. In this case, the seed was sown in 2017 while in Toronto and the frustration of often being suddenly disconnected while talking to friends or family back home by phone. He would later usually find out the disconnection was the result of an all-too-frequent power outage.

Olubanjo recalls being “at Massey College at night with light everywhere,” and couldn’t imagine returning home where it was like “going back to darkness.” Growing up in Nigeria with sometimes only two hours of electricity a day, he set out to find a solution to a daily problem faced by many back home. The MASc student’s very personal irritant was the spark, which lead to a solution for a much broader issue.

The statistics are staggering. Some 600 million Africans live without access to electricity, with 70 million Nigerians among them. Alternatives for household lighting, cooking and other needs can be dangerous and expensive. Kerosene lanterns used inside create health risks, as well as the need to travel great distances to obtain costly fuel.

Vast amounts are spent on creating electricity from polluting sources, further adding to the poor air quality in Nigeria. The patchwork energy system is simply unreliable and dirty; a better way to serve the multitudes is still desperately needed. Olubanjo had a “lot of sleepless nights.” And added what “kept me going was the possibility of having an impact on millions of lives.”

Armed with the idea to create a solar “umbrella” capable of charging mobile phones, discussion with friends and engineering colleagues led to developing something of a somewhat larger scale. The road to this point began with friends and colleagues, but also with assistance from the U of T’s Hatchery NEST. Some 3D printing, acute business questions and collaboration has driven the idea along while Olubanjo completes his graduate studies in civil engineering.

Olubanjo is clear he’s had a lot of help. Ideas, prompts, expertise and questions from friends, colleagues and faculty led to the development of the project so far. Prof. Yu-Ling Cheng (ChemE, CGEN) acted as advisor and mentor along with Bill Nussey (CEO of Solar Inventions); Prof. Ireh Iyioha, Founder of PEIFFUND; Omozaphue Akalumhe, Director Prividia Energy UK; M.K Balaji of Delloite, and Okide Ezigbo of Ontario Power Generation. The team at Reeddi includes U of T’s Osarieme Osakue (CivE MEng Candidate) as Director of Communications and Joshua Dzakah (MechE 1T9) at the post of Mechanical Engineer, along with Olamide Oladeji as Director of Strategy & Analytics, Olatunji Oladipo and Azeez Oluwafemi. 


So how will Reeddi make an impact?

A Reeddi Energy Station

A Reeddi Energy Station

With the current project proposal, a large standalone, solar-powered structure, about half the size of a bus shelter, would have interactive screens at eye-level that control the user experience and provide access to the removable Reeddi Capsules. Each watertight Reeddi Capsule, about the size of a long 12-pack of soft drinks, is comprised of an internal rechargeable lithium-ion battery (LIB) with external USB and AC plug.

Customers would pay a nominal rent of up to US$0.50 per 24 hours for a 250 watt-hour (Wh) capsule. A standard 250Wh capsule is enough to provide a combined seven hours of lighting via two 150 lumen LED bulbs, fully-charge three mobile phones (3W) and provide four hours of laptop power (30W). Capsules can also be connected and scaled up in a modular fashion; doubled-up it would create a 500Wh unit, and so on, for greater power needs such as appliances.

Reeddi Capsule features include 250Wh/Capsule, power output of 220V/50HZ AC and 5V DC. Each capsule has an expected lifespan of eight years.

Reeddi Capsule features include 250Wh/Capsule, power output of 220V/50HZ AC and 5V DC. Each capsule has an expected lifespan of eight years.

The capsule(s) can be returned within the rental period, or when depleted before the return period. As an incentive, when a return is made on time the customer is awarded points to be used towards future exchanges .

“The impact it can bring really drives me and makes me excited,” said Olu. The very clean, affordable and dependable power would give households stability of their power needs, as well as provide scalable options.

As proof of concept, Reeddi created a mock-up prototype of one capsule in December 2018, then created a working prototype for a capsule as a contest entry. They are on track to running a micro-scaled pilot with five Interactive working Reeddi Capsules prototypes by August 2019 in Nigeria.

Some investments will be required in running a pilot test for the innovation making it possible to deploy working capsules to the field. A long-term plan for Reeddi would see the project expanded for medium power uses as a dispatchable power source for e-scooters, electric motorcycles and tricycles and large power uses (full home needs).

The idea has potential for use in Canada, and North America, as well. Whether for hikers taking trips to remote sites, or where disaster has disrupted power grid. Anywhere there’s a need for getting clean and affordable power into the hands of the people is a potential market.

Since January 2019, Reeddi has been internationally recognized for its innovative technology and business model. In February 2019, it won the North American Regional Award for the Best Emerging Startups in Decentralised Energy Track at the IEEE Empower a Billion Lives Challenge held at Georgia Tech, and in April, Reeddi Inc was won the MIT 2019 Clean Energy Prize (National Grid Energy Delivery Track).

Olugbenga Olubanjo (Olu), the founder of Reeddi started the company when he arrived in Toronto. Prior to starting Reeddi Inc., Olu was a Winner of the 2017 University of Toronto Hult Prize Competition representing UofT at the Regional Finals  . He was also awarded the RBC Prize for Innovation and Entrepreneurship (People’s Choice Award) for VECO, the company that transitioned into Reeddi Inc. Olu is also a Junior Fellow at Massey College. His MASc thesis, Embodied Emissions in Rail Infrastructure: A Critical Study, is supervised by Professor Shoshanna Saxe. He expects to graduate the fall of 2019.

By Phill Snel


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