Sarah Haines


Sarah Haines
Department of Civil & Mineral Engineering
University of Toronto
35 St. George St.
Toronto, Ontario
Canada, M5S 1A4


Office: GB 314C

Tel: 416-946-8362



Professor Sarah Haines’ interdisciplinary research integrates building science, engineering, and microbiology to analyze the impact the built environment has on human health. She uses cutting-edge microbiology techniques such as next-generation sequencing, metatranscriptomics, and bioinformatics to understand the impact of moisture on indoor environmental quality. Linking to climate change, her research explores the impact of weatherization and extreme weather events on indoor air quality, particularly in low income communities who may be at a higher risk for asthma. Her work aids in understanding indoor exposures from microorganisms and chemicals providing for a cleaner and sustainable indoor environment

Research Interests

Building Science

Indoor Environmental Quality

Indoor Microbiome

Chemistry of the indoor environment

Microbial emissions


PhD, Environmental Science, The Ohio State University (2021)

MASc, Environmental Science, The Ohio State University (2019)

BASc, Environmental Engineering, The Ohio State University (2017)


Journal Publications
Haines, S.R., Hall, E.C., Katarzyna, M., Misztal, P.K., Goldstein, A.H., Adams, R.I., Dannemiller, K.C. (2021) Measuring microbial growth and volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions in carpet and drywall under various relative humidity conditions. Microbiome.
Hall, E.C., Haines, S.R., Katarzyna, M., Goldstein, A.H., Adams, R.I., Dannemiller, K.C., Misztal, P.K. (2021) Varying humidity increases emission of volatile nitrogen-containing compounds from building materials. Build Environ. doi: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2021.108290
Rush, R.E., Cochran, S.J., Haines, S.R., Acosta, L., Divjan, A., Perzanowski, M.S., Dannemiller, K.C., Green, B.J. (2021) Vishniacozyma victoriae (syn. Cryptococcus victoriae) in the homes of asthmatic and non-asthmatic children in New York City. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol (2021).
Renninger, N., Nastasi, N., Bope, A., Cochran, S.J., Haines, S.R., Balasubrahmaniam, N., Stuart, K., Bivins, A., Bibby, K., Hull, N., Dannemiller, K.C. (2021) Indoor dust as a matrix for surveillance of COVID-19 outbreaks. mSystems. doi: 10.1128/mSystems.01350-20
Haines, S.R., Siegel, J.A., Dannemiller, K.C., (2020) Modeling microbial growth in carpet dust exposed to diurnal variations in relative humidity using the “Time-of-Wetness” framework. Indoor Air. doi: 10.1111/ina.12686 Highlighted on Feature Cover (front cover) of journal.
Viegas, C., Caetano, L.A., Cox, J., Korkalainen, M., Haines, S.R., Dannemiller, K.C., Viegas, S., Reponen, J. (2020) The effects of microbial diversity in human alveolar macrophage cell viability and inflammatory responses: the waste sorting industry exposure scenario. Environmental Research.
Nastasi, N., Haines, S.R., Xu, L., da Silva, H., Divjan, A., Barned, M., Rappleye, C., Perzanowski, M.S., Green, B., Dannemiller, K.C., (2020) Morphology and quantification of fungal growth in residential dust and carpets. Build Environ. doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2020.106774
Haines S.R., Adams, R. I., Boor, B. E., Bruton, T., Downey, J., Ferro, A. R., Gall, E., et al. (2019) Ten Questions Concerning the Implications of Carpet on Indoor Chemistry and Microbiology. Build Environ.
Haines S.R., Bope A., Horack J.M., Meyer M.E., Dannemiller K.C. (2019) Quantitative evaluation of bioaerosols in different particle size fractions in dust collected on the International Space Station (ISS). Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. doi: 10.1007/s00253-019-10053-4
*Bope A., *Haines S.R., Hegarty B., Weschler C.J., Peccia J., Dannemiller K.C. (2019) Degradation of phthalate esters in floor dust at elevated relative humidity. Environ Sci Process Impacts. doi: 10.1039/c9em00050j. Nominated for inclusion in ESPI Best Papers collection; included in Emerging Investigator Series, highlighted on the inside front cover of the journal. *These authors contributed equally to the publication.
Zhang S., Shapiro N., Gehrke G., Castner J., Liu Z., Guo B., Prasad R., Zhang J., Haines S.R., Kormos D., Frey P., Qin R., Dannemiller K.C. (2019) Smartphone App for Residential Testing of Formaldehyde (SmART-Form). Build Environ 148:567–578 . doi: 10.1016/J.BUILDENV.2018.11.029

News Mentions

CivMin welcomes three new faculty

By Phill Snel | July 5, 2021 | Comments Off on CivMin welcomes three new faculty

The Department of Civil & Mineral Engineering welcomes three new faculty as of July 1, 2021. All three join as assistant professors. Besides impressive academic credentials, among the trio there’s a myriad of surprising life skills and experiences as an army drill sergeant, dancing with Bill Nye the Science Guy, playing concerts as a flutist… Read more »

Meet Sarah Haines, one of CivMin’s new faculty members

By Phill Snel | June 17, 2021 | Comments Off on Meet Sarah Haines, one of CivMin’s new faculty members

Sarah Haines joins the Department of Civil & Mineral Engineering as an assistant professor of civil engineering (Building Science) beginning July 1, 2021. We asked Prof. Haines to answer a few questions as an of introduction to our CivMin community.   Q: Can you tell us a little about yourself as an introduction. Hello! I… Read more »

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